Elements of Forming the Internet of Things

Technologies such as Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, and Computer Vision can be added to IoT systems. But in its simplest form, here are the 4 main elements that make up an IoT system:

Sensor or Device

IoT solutions take many forms. Sometimes a device has more than 1 sensor. For example, the liquid asset management solution, IN-TANK, has a temperature sensor and a liquid level gauge sensor. Asset monitoring solutions such as APM have 2 censored devices that are placed in the asset and the room or asset transportation tool. Following their respective uses, these sensors are in charge of collecting data at any time, according to a specified time interval


Without connectivity, the data on the device will not reach the system. The means of communication between devices and IoT systems can vary. Cellular, satellite, WiFi, Bluetooth, low power wide area network (LPWAN) connections, and others.

The choice of connectivity is always tailored to the needs of the user. For industries that use many small devices in a large area such as agriculture and electricity distribution, LPWAN is the right type of connectivity. Meanwhile, for the financial industry that requires high security, SD-WAN technology, and Managed Service Connectivity.

Data Processing

When data from the sensor enters the cloud, processing begins. Because data always comes and is always updated, the software can see the development of assets in real-time and ensure that asset activity is under predetermined rules/parameters.

Dashboard or User Interface

The dashboard is where data is displayed so that users can observe real-time activities that occur on all devices in the company. Here the user can also change the settings, rules, and actions performed by the IoT system.

For example, by using the Location Information (LOCI) feature as a device location tracker, you can create a rule that the EDC machine cannot leave the store. Then, you can define an automatic action that will occur if this rule is violated. In this case, you can turn off the SIM card connection on the EDC to ensure there is no data theft. If you want to apply advanced SD-WAN Products to your company, just visit www.teldat.com