A hacker is someone skilled at using his knowledge of the technicalities of technology and computers to analyze, modify, and break into a network or device for a specific purpose.
Hackers don’t always have a negative connotation, and they don’t always do something bad. To be clear, consider the types of Hackers according to their goals and actions.
Types of Hackers:
• White Hat Hackers are security experts who carry out hacking to find the weak side of a system in an organization or company. They also evaluate the results of the hack and provide advice on improving system security.
• Blue Hat Hackers are people who use their knowledge and expertise for a good and legal cause, similar to White Hat Hackers. The difference is, Blue Hat Hackers are not members of an organization or company, but they come from outside the company. You could say a kind of vendor who is paid to carry out hacking to increase the security of the system of the organization or company.
• Black Hat Hackers are hackers who carry out their actions illegally to take unilateral advantage. Usually, Black Hat Hackers steal data in the form of other people’s identities, steal money, hack to prove themselves or for personal pleasure, spreading malware, spying on certain individuals or companies, even stealing state secrets. Black Hat Hackers can also do social engineering; an act that is very detrimental to the victim.
• Script Kiddies are new hackers who have just mastered simple hacking methods, such as hacking using scripts developed by others to damage digital devices and not having their hacking tools. Even so, this type of hacker is still dangerous and detrimental.
• Gray Hat Hackers are hackers who carry out their actions unethically and illegally even though they are not criminal acts, with more pragmatic or selfish goals than for the development of security systems.
• Red Hat Hackers Hacktivists are hackers who carry out their actions as part of a campaign. They also have the purpose of conveying a political, ideological, social, or religious message, or can also disclose confidential information for various reasons such as supporting freedom of information, freedom to ask questions.